Healthcare

ANSI-ASQ National Accreditation Board

The ANSI-ASQ National Accreditation Board (ANAB) is an international non-profit, non-governmental, independent organization and accrediting body that provides accreditation and training services for numerous types of laboratories. ANAB offers accreditation programs and training courses for the communications, energy, environmental, food and beverage, forensic, and manufacturing industries.[1][2] Over the years, the organization has also acquired other accrediting organizations such as Forensic Quality Services, Inc. (FQS) and Laboratory Accreditation Bureau (L-A-B), adding their accreditation programs to ANAB's offerings.[3][4]

History

ANAB's predecessor was the Registrar Accreditation Board (RAB), founded on November 13, 1989[5] as an affiliate of the American Society for Quality Control (ASQC; later just the ASQ) "to develop a program to evaluate the quality of services offered by [quality system] registrars."[6][7] Teaming up with the American National Standards Institute (ANSI), RAB began development of the American National Accreditation Program for Registrars of Quality Systems sometime between 1990 and December 1991.[8][6] RAB would eventually get certified by the NQA (National Quality Assurance) and begin offering an ISO 9000 auditor certification program in 1992.[6][9]

Needs changed, however, and RAB was replaced by the ANSI-ASQ National Accreditation Board on January 1, 2005. As a partnership between ANSI and the ASQ, the restructuring was done for several reasons: "to comply with a new international requirement that a national accreditation body be a legal entity," and to split off auditor certification and training activities from its original management systems accreditation services.[5][9] The organization would later add accreditation services for testing and calibration labs, judged to be missing component by the company, through the acquisition of Assured Calibration and Laboratory Accreditation Select Services (ACLASS) in October 2007.[10][11] ANAB expanded their laboratory accreditation services further with the acquisition of Forensic Quality Services, Inc. (FQS) in November 2011, expanding into realm of forensic testing and inspection.[3][5] However, with all these offerings, the company realized "the use of three different brands has caused confusion in the marketplace." ANAB announced in November 2014 that it would be "operating as a single brand" under the ANAB label beginning in January 2015.[5][12]

In December 2015, ANAB announced it had made another acquisition, this time agreeing to take on the Accreditation Services Bureau (A-S-B) d.b.a. Laboratory Accreditation Bureau (L-A-B) in order to expand its testing and calibration laboratory accreditation services. Despite its November 2014 announcement of brand integration, however, ANAB stated that it at least initially "will maintain the L-A-B brand and L-A-B customers will continue to be accredited under the L-A-B symbol."[4]

On April 22, 2016, ANAB announced yet another acquisition, this time signing "an affiliation agreement with The American Society of Crime Laboratory Directors/Laboratory Accreditation Board (ASCLD/LAB), merging ASCLD/LAB into ANAB."[13] ANAB stated that with the merger ASCLD/LAB employees would be kept, the ASCLD/LAB brand would be maintained, and "current ASCLD/LAB customers will continue to be accredited under the ASCLD/LAB accreditation symbol."[13]

Clarification of accreditation offerings

Per ANAB's decision in 2014 to unify brands, the ACLASS testing and calibration lab accreditation programs and the FQS forensic accreditation lab/crime unit programs were essentially moved under the ANAB accreditation program brand, beginning on January 1, 2015.[5][12] For example, the former FQS ISO/IEC 17020 program is now the ANAB ISO/IEC 17020 Accreditation Program for Forensic Inspection Agencies[14], and the FQS ISO/IEC 17025 program is the ANAB ISO/IEC 17025 Accreditation Program for Forensic Testing Laboratories.[15]

The exception to this appears to be the accreditation programs offered by L-A-B, acquired in December 2015. Covering areas of accreditation such as the energy, environmental, food and beverage, forensic science, and manufacturing industries, the L-A-B accreditation programs will remain under the L-A-B brand and symbol.[4][16]

Accreditation and compliance

ANAB offers tens of different accreditation programs for laboratories and testing centers, each with their own varying requirements.[17] Application review, on-site assessments, quality review, and, if necessary, corrective action resolutions are conducted before the final review and accreditation decision. The ANAB website does not make it clear, but the accreditation likely lasts for two years[18] as long as the lab remains compliant and maintains obligations such as notification of significant changes to primary policies, resources, organization, and legal ownership.

After acceptance, ANAB will use the renewal assessment process to ensure a lab's compliance with the body's accreditation standards. In the unusual case of a laboratory failing to pay fees, provide audit and certification staticis, or comply with any of the body's other accreditation requirements, ANAB may choose to place the lab on suspension. Once on suspension, the affected lab must satisfy certain conditions before being able to again operate and eventually be reinstated, though the reinstatement process may vary slightly by infraction or accreditation program.[19] In extreme cases of non-compliance, ANAB can also choose to completely withdraw the lab's accreditation.[20]

External links

References

  1. "Industry-Specific Accreditation". ANSI-ASQ National Accreditation Board. http://anab.org/programs/industry-specific/. Retrieved 10 February 2016. 
  2. "ANAB Training Courses". ANSI-ASQ National Accreditation Board. http://anab.org/training/. Retrieved 10 February 2016. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 "ANSI-ASQ National Accreditation Board Acquires FQS". ANSI-ASQ National Accreditation Board. 29 November 2011. http://anab.org/news/latest-news/ansi-asq-national-accreditation-board-acquires-fqs/. Retrieved 10 February 2016. 
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 "ANAB Acquires Laboratory Accreditation Bureau". ANSI-ASQ National Accreditation Board. 18 December 2015. http://anab.org/news/latest-news/anab-acquires-l-a-b/. Retrieved 10 February 2016. 
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 "ANSI-ASQ National Accreditation Board to Move to Single ANAB Brand". ANSI-ASQ National Accreditation Board. 13 November 2014. http://anab.org/news/latest-news/ansi-asq-national-accreditation-board-to-move-to-single-anab-brand/. Retrieved 10 February 2016. 
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 Breitenberg, Maureen (1993). Questions and Answers on Quality, the ISO 9000 Standard Series, Quality System Registration, and Related Issues. National Institute of Standards and Technology. ISBN 9780788104091. https://books.google.com/books?id=gqUgJU9-Z-AC&pg=PA14. Retrieved 10 February 2016. 
  7. Stratton, John H. (1992). "What is the Registrar Accreditation Board?". Quality Progress 25 (1): 67–69. http://asq.org/qic/display-item/?item=12660. Retrieved 10 February 2016. 
  8. Lofgren, George; Fortlage, Pail; Stranak, Barbara et al. (1995). "Registrar Accreditation Board: Working to serve U.S. business and industry". Annual Quality Congress 49: 425–433. http://asq.org/qic/display-item/?item=10250. Retrieved 10 February 2016. 
  9. 9.0 9.1 Charantimath, Poornima M.. "Chapter 18: Quality Audit". Total Quality Management (2nd ed.). Dorling Kindersley (India) Pvt. Ltd. pp. 546–572. ISBN 9788131732625. https://books.google.com/books?id=h7US1hlgV_IC&pg=PA566. Retrieved 10 February 2016. 
  10. "How and Why ANAB Came to Be". ANSI-ASQ National Accreditation Board. 25 March 2009. http://anab.org/about-anab/history/. Retrieved 10 February 2016. 
  11. Wang, Wego (2010). Reverse Engineering: Technology of Reinvention. Boca Raton, Florida: CRC Press. pp. 357. ISBN 9781439806319. https://books.google.com/books?id=z3J8lrFKBJsC&pg=PA15. Retrieved 10 February 2016. 
  12. 12.0 12.1 ANSI-ASQ National Accreditation Board (13 January 2015). "ANSI-ASQ National Accreditation Board Moves to the Single ANAB Brand". Vimeo, LLC. https://vimeo.com/116691772. Retrieved 11 February 2016. 
  13. 13.0 13.1 "ANAB and ASCLD/LAB Merge Forensics Operations". American National Standards Institute. 22 April 2016. https://www.ansi.org/news_publications/news_story?menuid=7&articleid=a3415f4c-540e-467c-951c-a54815c29c64. Retrieved 06 June 2017. 
  14. "ISO/IEC 17020 Accreditation for Forensic Inspection Agencies". ANSI-ASQ National Accreditation Board. http://anab.org/programs/isoiec-17020/forensic-inspection-agencies/. Retrieved 11 February 2016. 
  15. "ISO/IEC 17025 Accreditation for Forensic Testing Laboratories". ANSI-ASQ National Accreditation Board. http://anab.org/programs/isoiec-17025/forensics/. Retrieved 11 February 2016. 
  16. "L-A-B Recognition". Lab Accreditation Bureau. http://l-a-b.com/about-lab/lab-recognition/. Retrieved 11 February 2016. 
  17. "ANAB Accreditation Programs". ANSI-ASQ National Accreditation Board. http://anab.org/programs/. Retrieved 15 February 2016. 
  18. "Frequently Asked Questions about the Contracting of On-site Assessments" (PDF). ANSI-ASQ National Accreditation Board. http://search.anab.org/media/34659/fl-contract-guidance-for-labs.pdf. Retrieved 15 February 2016. 
  19. "Accreditation Rule 11" (PDF). ANSI-ASQ National Accreditation Board. 01 January 2014. pp. 2. http://complaints.anab.org/media/45826/ar11.pdf. Retrieved 15 February 2016. 
  20. "Guidance on Use of the ACLASS and FQS Accreditation Symbol and ILAC Laboratory Combined MRA Mark". ANSI-ASQ National Accreditation Board. 01 August 2012. http://search.anab.org/media/2024/aclass-fqs-guidance-symbol-mra-mark-usage.pdf. Retrieved 15 February 2016.